The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) is a federal law passed in 1966 that governs the historic preservation policy of the federal government. It also created the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), an independent agency of the United States government, that oversees federal preservation efforts. The NHPA and it's regulations are the most important tools for protecting historic sites affected by projects undertaken, funded, or regulated by the federal government.
Section 106 of the NHPA requires agencies to consider the impact of undertakings they carry out, fund, or regulate on historic properties and to give the ACHP the opportunity to comment on those undertakings. Regulations established pursuant to Section 106 specify how agencies are to fulfill these obligations.
Some of the requirements established by the Section 106 regulations, 36 CFR 800, are that federal agencies:
These requirements are highly significant when it comes to preserving Native American historical sites. The requirement to identify historic properties makes it less probable that these resources will be unintentionally destroyed. This is particularly significant in Tennessee where we have large numbers of sites that are unrecorded or completely unknown. Involving the public, interested parties, and Native American tribes in the process provides the opportunity for these groups to assist federal agencies in fulfilling their preservation responsibilities and to provide independent oversight of these activities.
See the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation Web site for more information on the National Historic Preservation Act.
|Federal Laws||Federal Agencies||Tennessee Laws||State Agencies|
|American Indian Religious Freedom Act||Advisory Council on Historic Preservation||Archaeology Statues||Division of Archaeology|
|Archaeological Resources Protection Act||National Park Service||Burial Statues||Historical Commission|
|Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act||U.S. Forest Service Sacred Sites Policy Review||Heritage Conservation Trust Fund|
|National Historic Preservation Act|